Cost of Cold Forming

Cold forming is generally considered one of the most cost-effective options for manufacturing metal parts. It offers a number of benefits that hot forming does not, and can also be an economical alternative to machining in certain applications.

What is Cold Forming?

Cold forming uses hydraulic and mechanical pressure to shape a metal blank. As opposed to hot forming, where metal is heated beyond the point of crystallization, cold forming is performed at room temperature or, for certain materials, slightly above. A variety of processes using a horizontal or vertical press allow for the creation of complex designs with a high level of dimensional tolerance.

Why Is Cold Forming an Economical Choice?

Cold forming costs can be anywhere between 40-60 percent less than machining. Cold forming is also more cost-effective than hot forming. This is because:

  • Less material is wasted. The cold forming process can produce up to 100 percent yield rates. This means nearly all raw material is used — an important metric, particularly when working with valuable precious metals such as silver and gold.
  • Less additional processing is required. In a single operation, cold forming can produce highly complex parts that are smooth and free of burrs. This means cold forged parts require fewer secondary operations to prepare for sale.
  • Errors are less common. Cold forming is more accurate than hot forming because there is no possibility of a component deforming during cooldown. Not only does this help you meet the exceedingly high tolerances required by aerospace, automotive and medical device industry regulations, but it also means fewer losses due to noncomforing components.
  • Overhead costs are lower. With cold forming, there is no need to heat up a metal blank as part of the manufacturing process. This lowers your energy use and overall carbon footprint, which is good for both the environment and your bottom line.
  • Tooling is less expensive. Costs associated with cold forming mold development are generally reasonable. Each project is different, though simple toolsets can often be developed or modified for only a few hundred dollars. Even more complex, multi-cavity molds are relatively inexpensive.
  • Turnaround times are faster. Because of the above benefits, cold forming projects have some of the shortest lead times of any type of manufacturing. This helps you bring your product to market faster and meet customer demands in a timely fashion.

Cold forming is more than just an economical choice, however. Cold formed parts also exhibit exceptional strength and durability. Visit our Industries page to read more about some of the many ways our clients are using cost-effective cold forming to create products for a diverse selection of markets.

Request a Quote Today

Cold forming is reliable and economical, but not all cold forming companies are created equal. Trust your next project to STS Intelli, one of the best cold forging companies in the industry. With state-of-the-art equipment and in-depth knowledge gained from more than 80 years in business, we are the smart choice for any manufacturing or prototyping project.

Use our online form to get in touch with a representative and request a quote today to get an idea of your cold forging costs.